Sunday, 15 March 2020

Coronavirus in India!! Coronavirus Origin, Coronavirus Symptoms, How Does it Spread, Cure

Top 11 questions answered about the Coronavirus.




Yeah! It’s true and real; the things we used to watch on tv is becoming a part of our
lives. Isn’t it what we always wanted? but this time there are no superheroes to save us
or let’s just say that krrish won’t be joining us. The virus outbreaks create a hell lot of a
problem in every aspect of a country; may it be economy or health, lifestyle or wealth,
everything goes into the hands of hope and the intelligent scientists of the country. Here
we answer the top 11 questions which arises in the mind thinking about any disease or
outbreak.


How does a virus outbreak occur?
Disease outbreaks are usually caused by an infection, transmitted through person-to-
person contact, animal-to-person contact, or from the environment or other media.
Outbreaks may also occur following exposure to chemicals or to radioactive materials.
For example, Minamata disease is caused by exposure to mercury.
Occasionally the cause of an outbreak is unknown, even after thorough investigation.
Communicable disease outbreaks
Environmental factors influencing the spread of communicable diseases
Water, sanitation, food and air quality are vital elements in the transmission of
communicable diseases and in the spread of diseases prone to cause epidemics.
Disease outbreaks caused by chemicals
Read more on diseases caused by chemicals
There are many examples of disease outbreaks that are due to exposure to chemicals
or toxins.
Disease outbreaks of unknown etiology
Read more on disease outbreaks of unknown etiology
Occasionally, an outbreak is seen in a population for which the cause is unclear. Such
an outbreak may be due to a new or modified pathogen, a natural toxin, or it may be
due to an initially undetected release of a chemical agent or over-exposure to ionizing
radiation.

How does an outbreak turn into an epidemic and then into a
pandemic?
An outbreak is “a sudden rise in the incidence of a disease” and typically is confined to
a localized area or a specific group of people.

How does an outbreak turn into an epidemic and then into a
pandemic?
An outbreak is “a sudden rise in the incidence of a disease” and typically is confined to
a localized area or a specific group of people.

An epidemic is an outbreak of contagious disease that has become more severe and
less localized. It is “an outbreak of a disease that spreads quickly and affects many
individuals at the same time."
A pandemic is a widespread epidemic, an “outbreak of a disease that occurs over a
wide geographic area and affects an exceptionally high proportion of the population.”
In this case the Wuhan city of Hubei province had an outbreak. It has already spread to
17 other cities of China. This means that it’s already an epidemic. It will become a
pandemic once it starts affecting people outside china in mass numbers, which already
has started.
What is the corona virus?
Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the
common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome
(MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel

coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.
Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people.
Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans
and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are
circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of
breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia,
severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
Where did it start?
Unlike movies where there is an evil villain starting a bioweapon war which will destruct
all mankind and make him crores of rupees. This is the real world where viruses come
out of nowhere. We know that natural adaptations and mutations happen all the time but
the viruses mutate at a much faster rate than any other organism and thus cause a lot
of havoc. The best bet we can place is that this virus is also a mutated version of an
already available corona virus known as novel corona virus. It started in the Wuhan city
of the Hubei province in China and has spread to 17 cities of China. The virus has also


spread to several nations including Japan, United States, France, Sri Lanka, Australia,
Germany, Thailand and India. Although the virus is still not confirmed in many of the
above-mentioned countries but patients are under observations of the same. Chinese
health authorities are still trying to determine the origin of the virus, which they say
came from a seafood market in Wuhan where wildlife was also traded illegally.
The WHO also says an animal source appears most likely to be the primary source of
the outbreak.

Snakes - including the Chinese krait and the cobra - may be the source of the newly
discovered virus, according to Chinese scientists.
How will it spread?
The virus is contagious and can spread through all modes which include:
• Air medium - Viruses spread from person to person mainly in droplets that fly out
when you cough or sneeze. These tiny drops from a sick person move through
the air and land on the mouths or noses of others nearby.
• Touching surfaces -Germs are also passed along when you touch mucus
droplets from someone else on a surface like a desk and then touch your own
eyes, mouth, or nose before you get a chance to wash your hands. Viruses like
the flu can live 24 hours or longer on plastic and metal surfaces like cafeteria
tables, doorknobs, and cups.
• Direct contact – When people hug of kiss the virus can spread.
• People travelling – The persons affected may come to your city without them
having the knowledge about them being the carrier.



Why will it affect you?


According to the WHO, signs of infection include
• Fever
• cough
• shortness of breath
• breathing difficulties.
In more severe cases, it can lead to
• pneumonia
• severe acute respiratory syndrome
• kidney failure

The incubation period of the coronavirus remains unknown. Some sources say it could
be between 10 to 14 days.
Who to approach if you are having symptoms of the disease?
It’s best to rush to the nearest doctor if you feel any of the symptoms above. The doctor
will then make sure nothing has happened to you and if you have encountered corona
virus then don’t worry, just make sure you are in the hospital and are receiving
treatments for your symptoms. The Governments of various countries in collaboration
with WHO will soon have good news for us.
How to prevent the disease?
WHO’s standard recommendations for the general public to reduce exposure to and
transmission of a range of illnesses are as follows, which include hand and respiratory
hygiene, and safe food practices:
• Frequently clean hands by using alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water;
• When coughing and sneezing cover mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue
– throw tissue away immediately and wash hands;
• Avoid close contact with anyone who has fever and cough;
• If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing seek medical care early and
share previous travel history with your health care provider;
• When visiting live markets in areas currently experiencing cases of novel
coronavirus, avoid direct unprotected contact with live animals and surfaces in
contact with animals;

• The consumption of raw or undercooked animal products should be avoided.
Raw meat, milk or animal organs should be handled with care, to avoid cross-
contamination with uncooked foods, as per good food safety practices.
The steps government is taking to ensure the health safety of our
nation?
The Indian Government have their full support towards the research & development of a
cure. They are also making sure that no one enters India with the corona virus on them.
Also, about 300 students are reportedly stuck in Wuhan triggering concerns over their
well-being. Flag carrier Air India has kept a plane ready for the evacuation in Mumbai.


Is there a cure?

No, right now there isn’t anything that can cure the virus. I hope we soon have a vaccine
and a cure out in the markets.
Vaccine- Our bodies are capable of fighting against diseases on its own due to its
immune system but when a disease overpowers the immune system, it can lead to
casualties and therefore, a vaccine is a dosage of the virus in an intoxicating form which
is either dead or immobilized. The body fights the virus because it’s weak and stores the
memory of it for later purpose. It means that the body will get ready if the disease
attacks the next time.
The State of China?
The government of China has put a lockdown, first in the Wuhan city and now in the
entirety of the country. They are providing complete support to the people of their
country and also preventing the virus to spread further. They had indeed committed a
mistake by first keeping it confidential about the virus outbreak but it has been mended
by their diligence in finding the cure and the commitment towards their citizens.
Although the people of Wuhan and other parts of china are in their worst conditions. The
supermarkets are about to become empty as people even after the inflation are filling

their cars with groceries. The hospitals are full and some have to stand in line for up to 2
days to get inside the hospital. The conditions will only get worse from here until the
cure is out which until now has no updates. A virus outbreak is no lesser than a country
fighting a war where all its resources are drained and at the end of the cycle, the only

victor is the virus and the only loser is humanity and mankind.

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